1st quarter 2007
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Statistics: Asian Fibre Consumption and Production
published in Issue 68, 1st quarter 2007
Asian fibre consumption rose by 4.2% in 2005—the latest year for which comprehensive data are available—reaching 91,434 mn lb. At the same time, production within Asia went up by a lesser 1.8%, to 57,785 mn lb. As a result, the region’s net imports climbed by as much as 8.6%—despite increased self-sufficiency in China.
Cotton consumption grew faster than any other fibre type. As a result, its share of total mill fibre consumption rose by 2.1 percentage points to 40.8%. Man-made fibre, meanwhile, saw its share fall by 2.1 percentage points as growth almost stagnated, at just 0.6%. Despite this, man-mades continued to hold a dominant 58.5% of the market.
Geographically, China and Hong Kong took the lion’s share with 61% of total Asian fibre usage—up from 58.5% in 2004. South Asia was the second largest consumer with 22%, followed by Japan, South Korea and Taiwan with a collective 9% of consumption. South-East Asia made up the remaining 8%.
In China, growth in man-made fibre consumption slowed to 6.1% following six years of double-digit increases. Cotton usage, meanwhile, rose by 14%, which led to an increase in its share of total fibre consumption. That said, over the seven years to 2005 cotton’s share fell by 7 percentage points.
Consumption in South Asia, unlike in other regions in Asia, is dominated by cotton. Indeed, cotton held a 68% share in 2005—up from 65% a year earlier—following an 8% rise in usage. The increase in cotton’s share was also aided by a 7% drop in usage of man-made fibre, whose share fell to little over 30%. As a result, total fibre consumption in South Asia continued to rise in 2005—albeit by 3% —to surpass the 20 bn lb mark.
Consumption in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, meanwhile, fell for the fifth successive year. Moreover, the deterioration accelerated to 13%, from a 7% decline in 2004. The drop was due almost entirely to a 15% decrease in man-made fibre consumption, which lost market share as a result.
Total fibre usage in South-East Asia fell by a marginal 1.3%—due entirely to a drop in man-made fibre consumption. Nonetheless, it is likely that South-East Asia’s share of total Asian fibre consumption overtook that of Japan, South Korea and Taiwan in 2006, as consumption increased in Indonesia and Vietnam while the industries in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan continued to contract.
- Statistics: Asian Fibre Consumption and Production
- Summary Asian Consumption and Production by Fibre Type Consumption and Production in China Consumption and Production in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan Consumption and Production in South-East Asia Consumption and Production in South Asia