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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Safeguard:
(see also product-specific safeguard, textile safeguard) a measure available to a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enabling it to restrict imports of a product temporarily (take Asafeguard@ action) under Article XIX> of the WTO if its domestic industry is injured or threatened with serious injury caused by a surge in imports. An import Asurge@ justifying safeguard action can be a real increase in imports (an absolute increase), or it can be an increase in the share of imports in a shrinking market, even if the import quantity has not increased (relative increase). Industries or companies may request safeguard action by their government. A safeguard measure should not last more than four years, although this can be extended up to eight years. Measures imposed for more than a year must be progressively liberalised. An exporting country can retaliate against the imposition of a safeguard against it by, for instance, raising tariffs on exports from the country which is enforcing the safeguard measure.
Last referenced in: Trends in US textile and clothing imports, April 2014 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Salt and pepper:
a fabric with a speckled effect, often black and white.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Sandwash:
the soft peachskin finish obtained by blasting a fabric with fine sand.

Sandwich construction:
a laminate comprising two composite skins bonded to a structural core. Used to create stiff lightweight structures.
Last referenced in: Fast track: trends in performance apparel at ISPO Munich 2014 (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 47)

Sanforizing:
a controlled compressive shrinkage process. The word Sanforized is a registered trade mark and can be used to describe fabrics which meet defined and approved standards of washing shrinkage.
Last referenced in: Profiles of 18 Textile and Apparel Companies in Indonesia (Textile Outlook International Issue 148)

Sari patterns:
traditional Indian sari designs.

Satin weave:
a warp faced weave in which the binding places are arranged with a view to producing a smooth fabric surface, free from twill.
Last referenced in: Product developments and innovations in the home textiles market, June 2013 (Textile Outlook International Issue 162)

Scaffold:
a temporary platform used for tissue growth.
Last referenced in: Technical textile markets: product developments and innovations, 1st quarter 2013 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 92)

Schappe silk yarns:
spun silk yarns which have not been degummed through a fermentation process. Up to 10% of gum may remain on the fibre prior to spinning.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Yarn Fairs for Spring/Summer 2012 (Textile Outlook International Issue 149)

Scouring:
the treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
Last referenced in: Profile of Mizuno: a world-renowned sports brand (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 41)

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