a plain weave textile which was originally made from linen but is now made chiefly from cotton. The fabric is designed using fine, high count yarns, which results in a silky, untextured feel. The term lawn is also used in the textile industry to refer to a type of starched crisp finish given to a cloth product. The finish can be applied to a variety of fine printed or plain fabrics (see also tana lawn).
lengths of fabric, several plies high, which have been spread on a cutting table ready for cutting. The fabric is subsequently cut in accordance with a cutting plan which is usually designed to optimise materials utilisation.. Last referenced in: Apparel business update, 3rd quarter 2008 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 3)
a plan in garment making of the lay height, lay length, colour mix, selection of fabric pieces to be cut, and the batches from which the fabric is to be used.
layering involves the use of: a comfort or base layer; an insulation layer; and a protection layer. The base layer comprises clothing worn next to the skin. Perspiration drying on the skin can cause chilling. However, this effect can be minimised by wearing a base layer which wicks moisture away from the skin. The insulation layer is the middle layer in the system and enables the wearer to regulate his or her body temperature by putting on or taking off garments as necessary. Insulation layer garments should be lightweight and warm, and should dry quickly in order to retain body heat. They should also let perspiration vapour escape from the comfort layer underneath, and retain their insulating properties even when wet. The protection layer is an outer layer of waterproof and windproof fabric. It should be highly breathable, so as to allow perspiration vapour to escape easily from the comfort layer and the insulation layer. Last referenced in: Editorial: innovations in composites for technical textiles (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)