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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Gaberdine:
a firmly woven, warp-faced twill cloth.

Garnett machine:
a type of carding machine, equipped with rollers and cylinders covered with metallic teeth, which is used to open up hard and soft waste textile products with a view to recycling them.

Garnetting:
a technique for opening up hard and soft waste textile products with a view to recycling them (see also garnett machine).

Gatt:
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, a multinational trade organisation established in 1947 and based in Geneva, Switzerland. Gatt was superseded by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995.
Last referenced in: Trends in US textile and clothing imports, April 2014 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Gauge:
the number of needles per unit length (usually 1 inch) along a needle bed or needle bar or flat knitting machine. For circular knitting machines, the unit length is the circumference of the needle cylinder.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 1st quarter 2010 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 9)

Gauze:
a lightweight open texture fabric produced in a plain weave or a simple leno weave.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: ten smaller producers, part 3 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Gel blocking:
a phenomenon that occurs when the swelling of a superabsorbent polymer blocks the passage of fluid into the centre of a fabric, thereby reducing the absorption capacity.
Last referenced in: Developments in medical textiles, 4th quarter 2009 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 79)

Gel coat:
a surface coating of polyester resin, either coloured or clear, providing cosmetic enhancement or weatherability to a fibreglass laminate.
Last referenced in: Product developments and innovations in the home textiles market, April 2014 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Generalised System of Preferences (GSP):
see Generalised System of Preferences (GSP).
Last referenced in: Prospects for the Textile and Clothing Industry in South Africa (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)::
a system of tariff preferences operated by developed countries. The EU=s scheme, introduced in 1971 and known as the Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), is designed to foster the development of developing countries by granting them easier access to the EU market in the form of reduced or zero import tariffs. Beneficiary countries granted GSP treatment are not required to contribute anything in return.
Last referenced in: Editorial: China: from apparel manufacturer to apparel consumer (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

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