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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Fabric:
a manufactured assembly of fibres and/or yarns which has substantial surface area in relation to its thickness and sufficient cohesion to give the assembly useful mechanical strength.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Spring/Summer 2011 (Textile Outlook International Issue 145)

Fairisle:
a type of sweater knitted with a coloured pattern in a traditional design originating in Scotland.

False twist:
the twist inserted in a yarn using false twisting such that the net twist in the yarn is zero.
Last referenced in: World markets for textile machinery: part 1 -- yarn manufacture, July-August 2007 (Textile Outlook International Issue 130)

False twisting:
a twisting operation applied at an intermediate position on a yarn so that no net twist can be inserted, as distinct from twisting at the end of a yarn where real twist is inserted.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 4th quarter 2011 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 16)

False-twist texturing:
a process in which a single filament yarn is twisted, set and untwisted. When yarns made from thermoplastic materials are heat-set in a twisted condition, the deformation of the filaments is "memorised" and the yarn is given greater bulk.
Last referenced in: Profiles of major textile and clothing manufacturers and retailers in South Africa (Textile Outlook International Issue 167)

Fancy yarn:
a yarn which differs from the normal construction of single and folded yarns by way of deliberately produced irregularities in its construction. These irregularities are formed by increasing the input of one or more of the yarn=s components, or including
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

FDY:
fully drawn yarn.
Last referenced in: Performance apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 4th quarter 2010 (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 35)

Fell (of the cloth):
the edge of the fabric in a weaving loom formed by the last weft thread.

Felting:
the matting together of fibres during processing. This is achieved on animal hair or wool by the application of moisture or heat, which causes the constituent fibres to mat together.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Ferrofluid:
a fluid which becomes highly polarised in the presence of a magnetic field.
Last referenced in: Nanotechnology in Technical Textiles and Apparel (Technical Textile Markets Issue 84)

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