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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Damask:
a figured woven fabric in which the design is created by the use of satin and sateen weaves.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Deacetylating:
the removal of acetyl groups from a polymer.

Decitex:
a unit of the tex system. A measure of linear density; the weight in grams of 10,000 metres of fibre or yarn.
Last referenced in: Profile of Miroglio: A Leading Vertically Integrated Textile and Apparel Group in Italy (Textile Outlook International Issue 160)

Decitex per filament (dpf):
the average decitex of each filament in a multifilament yarn.

Decortication (flax):
the process of removing woody outer layers from the stem of the flax plant to yield flax fibres. See also retting.
Last referenced in: Global technical textiles business update, 2nd quarter 2013 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 93)

Dégradé:
a textile dyeing technique which is used to produce a gradual change in the shade of a colour from dark to light or vice versa.

Délavé:
a fabric with a washed effect.

Delocalisation:
The geographical move of a production unit to a low cost country. (Note that the term is increasingly being used to describe all forms of shifts in production, including foreign sourcing and subcontracting.)
Last referenced in: World textile and apparel trade and production trends, March-April 2007 (Textile Outlook International Issue 128)

Dendrimer:
a synthetic polymer with a tree-like branching structure.

Denier:
a measure of linear density; the weight in grams of 9,000 metres of fibre or yarn.
Last referenced in: Profiles of major textile and clothing manufacturers and retailers in South Africa (Textile Outlook International Issue 167)

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