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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Cable:
to twist together two or more folded yarns.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: the leading ten producers, part 1 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 94)

Cabotage:
the transport of goods or passengers between two points in the same country. Originally the term was used to refer to shipping but it now also covers aviation and road transport. Also commonly used as part of the term cabotage rights, which means the right of a company from one country to trade, operate aircraft or transport goods within the domestic borders of another country.

Caged yarn:
a strand of yarn enclosed within a fine knitted tube which forms a cage through which the inner core is visible. In many yarns, the inner strand and the cage are in different but complementary colours.

CAI:
compression strength after impact.

Calendered:
the term used to describe a fabric which has been passed through rollers to smooth and flatten it or confer surface glaze.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: the leading ten producers, part 1 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 94)

Camel:
the hair of the camel or dromedary; also used as a broad description of fawn colour.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Candela:
the SI (Système International) unit for luminous intensity.
Last referenced in: High visibility apparel: providing protection, comfort and style (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 40)

Canvas:
a plain weave usually made from cotton or linen.
Last referenced in: Global technical textiles business update, 1st quarter 2014 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Cap plies (tyres):
additional strips of fabric covering the edges of the main reinforcement layers in radial tyres to prevent separation of the layers from each other and from the rubber matrix. In radial tyres the principal reinforcement layers have their main load

Capillary action:
a process in which liquids move along interstices between fibres. These may be manufactured with a special cross-section to enhance the process.
Last referenced in: Waterproof breathable fabrics: demand for comfort is driving innovation (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 46)

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