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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Abaca:
a banana-like plant (Musa textilis) native to the Philippines which has broad leaves with long stalks. The fibres obtained from the stalks are used to make cordage, fabric, and paper. (Also called manila and manila hemp.)
Last referenced in: Prospects for the Textile and Garment Industry in the Philippines (Textile Outlook International Issue 125)

Abrasion resistance:
the ability of the geotextile surface to resist wear by friction.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: business update, 4th quarter 2013 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 24)

ABS:
acrylonitrile butadiene styrene—a range of tough copolymers used for making moulded products.
Last referenced in: Profile of Elmarco: A Pioneer in Machines for Making Nanofibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 72)

Absorbency:
the ability of a textile material to absorb and retain liquids within its structure.
Last referenced in: Performance apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 3rd quarter 2013 (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 46)

Absorbency under load:
the weight of fluid in grams that can be absorbed by 1 gram of fibre, yarn or fabric which has been subject to a pressure of 0.25 lb/in2 before wetting.


Last referenced in: Editorial: Dornbirn 2012 -- A Showcase for New Cellulosic Fibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 91)

Acetate:
a type of fibre chemically derived from cellulose.
Last referenced in: Editorial: Dornbirn 2012 -- A Showcase for New Cellulosic Fibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 91)

Acquisition layer:
an absorbent layer close to the coverstock in a nonwoven hygiene product (such as a diaper) through which fluid enters. Typically, the fluid is then transmitted to a distribution layer.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: the leading ten producers, part 1 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 94)

Acrylonitrile:
the main raw material used for making acrylic fibres.
Last referenced in: Editorial: innovations in composites for technical textiles (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

ACT:
Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, which embodied the results of the negotiations on textiles and clothing conducted under the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade talks. The ATC provided for the phasing out of MFA quotas between January 1995 and December 2004.
Last referenced in: Prospects for the textile and clothing industry in China (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Adhesive bonding:
see chemical bonding.
Last referenced in: Global technical textiles business update, 1st quarter 2014 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

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